The CardioSmart website is a patient education branch of the American College of Cardiology. It is full of helpful information for patients with questions about cardiovascular disease and its treatment.


The American Heart Association has many resources for patients and physicians alike regarding heart and cardiovascular disease treatment.

Stress Test

Stress tests are performed by a doctor and/or trained technician to determine the amount of stress that your heart can manage before developing either an abnormal rhythm or evidence of ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle).  Read More



An echocardiogram (also called an echo) is a type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device. The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off the different parts of your heart. Read More


Cardiac Pacemakers

A pacemaker is a small device that’s placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. This device uses electrical pulses to prompt the heart to beat at a normal rate. Read More


Heart Catheterizations

Heart Catheterizations are minimally invasive procedures that your Cardiologist will primarily use to determine the presence of coronary artery atherosclerosis (blockage) and also to determine how well the heart valves function. Read More